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Wikipedia Description

Best-first search is a search algorithm which explores a graph by expanding the most promising node chosen according to a specified rule. Judea Pearl described best-first search as estimating the promise of node n by a heuristic evaluation function which, in general, may depend on the description of n, the description of the goal, the information gathered by the search up to that point, and most important, on any extra knowledge about the problem domain. Some authors have used best-first search to refer specifically to a search with a heuristic that attempts to predict how close the end of a path is to a solution, so that paths which are judged to be closer to a solution are extended first. This specific type of search is called greedy best-first search or pure heuristic search. Efficient selection of the current best candidate for extension is typically implemented using a priority queue .

graph traversal, pathfinding