In colloquial language, an average is the sum of a list of numbers divided by the number of numbers in the list. In mathematics and statistics, this would be called the arithmetic mean. However, the word average may also refer to the median, mode, or ...

In computer science, a binary search or half-interval search algorithm finds the position of a target value within a sorted array. The binary search algorithm can be classified as a dichotomic divide and conquer search algorithm and executes in ...

In computer science, a binary search or half-interval search algorithm finds the position of a target value within a sorted array. The binary search algorithm can be classified as a dichotomic divide and conquer search algorithm and executes in ...

In computer science, a binary search or half-interval search algorithm finds the position of a target value within a sorted array. The binary search algorithm can be classified as a dichotomic divide and conquer search algorithm and executes in ...

In computer science, bogosort (also stupid sort, slowsort, random sort, shotgun sort or monkey sort ) is a particularly ineffective sorting algorithm based on the generate and test paradigm. It is not useful for sorting, but may be used for ...

In computer science, the BoyerMooreHorspool algorithm or Horspool's algorithm is an algorithm for finding substrings in strings. It was published by Nigel Horspool in 1980. It is a simplification of the BoyerMoore string search algorithm which is ...

In computer science, the BoyerMooreHorspool algorithm or Horspool's algorithm is an algorithm for finding substrings in strings. It was published by Nigel Horspool in 1980. It is a simplification of the BoyerMoore string search algorithm which is ...

Bresenham's line algorithm is an algorithm that determines the points of an n -dimensional raster that should be selected in order to form a close approximation to a straight line between two points. It is commonly used to draw lines on a computer ...

Bubble sort, sometimes referred to as sinking sort, is a simple sorting algorithm that repeatedly steps through the list to be sorted, compares each pair of adjacent items and swaps them if they are in the wrong order. The pass through the list is ...

In cryptography, a Caesar cipher, also known as Caesar's cipher, the shift cipher, Caesar's code or Caesar shift, is one of the simplest and most widely known encryption techniques. It is a type of substitution cipher in which each letter in the ...

In combinatorial mathematics, the Catalan numbers form a sequence of natural numbers that occur in various counting problems, often involving recursively -defined objects. They are named after the Belgian mathematician Eugne Charles Catalan ...

In combinatorial mathematics, the Catalan numbers form a sequence of natural numbers that occur in various counting problems, often involving recursively -defined objects. They are named after the Belgian mathematician Eugne Charles Catalan ...

In combinatorial mathematics, the Catalan numbers form a sequence of natural numbers that occur in various counting problems, often involving recursively -defined objects. They are named after the Belgian mathematician Eugne Charles Catalan ...

In mathematics, Chebyshev distance (or Tchebychev distance ), maximum metric, or L metric is a metric defined on a vector space where the distance between two vectors is the greatest of their differences along any coordinate dimension. It is named ...

In computer science, counting sort is an algorithm for sorting a collection of objects according to keys that are small integers ; that is, it is an integer sorting algorithm. It operates by counting the number of objects that have each distinct key ...

Dekker's algorithm is the first known correct solution to the mutual exclusion problem in concurrent programming. The solution is attributed to Dutch mathematician Th. J. Dekker by Edsger W. Dijkstra in an unpublished paper on sequential process ...

An Egyptian fraction is a finite series of distinct unit fractions, such as. That is, each fraction in the expression has a numerator equal to 1 and a denominator that is a positive integer, and all the denominators differ from each other. The value ...

An Egyptian fraction is a finite series of distinct unit fractions, such as. That is, each fraction in the expression has a numerator equal to 1 and a denominator that is a positive integer, and all the denominators differ from each other. The value ...

An Egyptian fraction is a finite series of distinct unit fractions, such as. That is, each fraction in the expression has a numerator equal to 1 and a denominator that is a positive integer, and all the denominators differ from each other. The value ...

In mathematics, the Euclidean algorithm [a], or Euclid's algorithm, is an efficient method for computing the greatest common divisor (GCD) of two numbers, the largest number that divides both of them without leaving a remainder. It is named after the ...

In mathematics, the Euclidean algorithm [a], or Euclid's algorithm, is an efficient method for computing the greatest common divisor (GCD) of two numbers, the largest number that divides both of them without leaving a remainder. It is named after the ...

In mathematics, the Euclidean algorithm [a], or Euclid's algorithm, is an efficient method for computing the greatest common divisor (GCD) of two numbers, the largest number that divides both of them without leaving a remainder. It is named after the ...

In mathematics, the Euclidean distance or Euclidean metric is the ordinary (i.e straight line) distance between two points in Euclidean space. With this distance, Euclidean space becomes a metric space. The associated norm is called the Euclidean ...

In mathematics, the Euclidean distance or Euclidean metric is the ordinary (i.e straight line) distance between two points in Euclidean space. With this distance, Euclidean space becomes a metric space. The associated norm is called the Euclidean ...

In mathematics, the Euclidean distance or Euclidean metric is the ordinary (i.e straight line) distance between two points in Euclidean space. With this distance, Euclidean space becomes a metric space. The associated norm is called the Euclidean ...

In linear algebra, functional analysis and related areas of mathematics, a norm is a function that assigns a strictly positive length or size to each vector in a vector space save possibly for the zero vector, which is assigned a length of zero. A ...

In linear algebra, functional analysis and related areas of mathematics, a norm is a function that assigns a strictly positive length or size to each vector in a vector space save possibly for the zero vector, which is assigned a length of zero. A ...

In linear algebra, functional analysis and related areas of mathematics, a norm is a function that assigns a strictly positive length or size to each vector in a vector space save possibly for the zero vector, which is assigned a length of zero. A ...

In mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers or Fibonacci sequence are the numbers in the following integer sequence : or (often, in modern usage): By definition, the first two numbers in the Fibonacci sequence are either 1 and 1, or 0 and 1, depending ...

In mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers or Fibonacci sequence are the numbers in the following integer sequence : or (often, in modern usage): By definition, the first two numbers in the Fibonacci sequence are either 1 and 1, or 0 and 1, depending ...

In mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers or Fibonacci sequence are the numbers in the following integer sequence : or (often, in modern usage): By definition, the first two numbers in the Fibonacci sequence are either 1 and 1, or 0 and 1, depending ...

The Fisher–Yates shuffle (named after Ronald Fisher and Frank Yates), also known as the Knuth shuffle (after Donald Knuth), is an algorithm for generating a random permutation of a finite set—in plain terms, for randomly shuffling the set. The modern ...

The Fisher–Yates shuffle (named after Ronald Fisher and Frank Yates), also known as the Knuth shuffle (after Donald Knuth), is an algorithm for generating a random permutation of a finite set—in plain terms, for randomly shuffling the set. The modern ...

The Fisher–Yates shuffle (named after Ronald Fisher and Frank Yates), also known as the Knuth shuffle (after Donald Knuth), is an algorithm for generating a random permutation of a finite set—in plain terms, for randomly shuffling the set. The modern ...

Gnome sort (or Stupid sort ) is a sorting algorithm originally proposed by Dr. Hamid Sarbazi-Azad (Professor of Computer Engineering at Sharif University of Technology ) in 2000 and called stupid sort (not to be confused with bogosort ), and then ...

Gnome sort (or Stupid sort ) is a sorting algorithm originally proposed by Dr. Hamid Sarbazi-Azad (Professor of Computer Engineering at Sharif University of Technology ) in 2000 and called stupid sort (not to be confused with bogosort ), and then ...

Gnome sort (or Stupid sort ) is a sorting algorithm originally proposed by Dr. Hamid Sarbazi-Azad (Professor of Computer Engineering at Sharif University of Technology ) in 2000 and called stupid sort (not to be confused with bogosort ), and then ...

In information theory, the Hamming distance between two strings of equal length is the number of positions at which the corresponding symbols are different. In another way, it measures the minimum number of substitutions required to change one string ...

In information theory, the Hamming distance between two strings of equal length is the number of positions at which the corresponding symbols are different. In another way, it measures the minimum number of substitutions required to change one string ...

Insertion sort is a simple sorting algorithm that builds the final sorted array (or list) one item at a time. It is much less efficient on large lists than more advanced algorithms such as quicksort, heapsort, or merge sort. However, insertion sort ...

In computer science, the KnuthMorrisPratt string searching algorithm (or KMP algorithm ) searches for occurrences of a word W within a main text string S by employing the observation that when a mismatch occurs, the word itself embodies sufficient ...

In computer science, the KnuthMorrisPratt string searching algorithm (or KMP algorithm ) searches for occurrences of a word W within a main text string S by employing the observation that when a mismatch occurs, the word itself embodies sufficient ...

In information theory and computer science, the Levenshtein distance is a string metric for measuring the difference between two sequences. Informally, the Levenshtein distance between two words is the minimum number of single-character edits (i.e. ...

In information theory and computer science, the Levenshtein distance is a string metric for measuring the difference between two sequences. Informally, the Levenshtein distance between two words is the minimum number of single-character edits (i.e. ...

In information theory and computer science, the Levenshtein distance is a string metric for measuring the difference between two sequences. Informally, the Levenshtein distance between two words is the minimum number of single-character edits (i.e. ...